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What is Thyroid?

Thyroid gland present in the front of neck.. It has two broad wings that wrap around the side of your neck and is built like a butterfly with a narrow center. a gland, the thyroid. There are glands in your body that produce and secrete substances that help your body function. Your thyroid produces hormones that help regulate vital metabolism.

When your thyroid is underactive, it can affect your entire body. Hyperthyroidism is a condition that can occur when your body produces too much thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism is a condition in which your body does not produce enough thyroid hormone.

Both infections are dangerous and need to be treated by your doctor.

How does the thyroid function?

Thyroid plays an important role in your body by regulating thyroid hormones. Your body converts the food you eat into energy through a process called metabolism. Your body uses this energy to maintain the proper operation of many different systems. Consider your metabolism a generator. It absorbs raw energy and channels it into a larger medium.

T4 (thyroxine, which includes four iodide atoms) and T3 (triiodothyronine, which contains three iodide atoms) are two particular hormones produced by the thyroid that regulate your metabolism. The thyroid produces these two hormones, which instruct the body’s cells on how much energy to use. Your thyroid will maintain the proper level of hormones to keep your metabolism operating at the proper rate when it is functioning properly. The thyroid produces replacement hormones as needed.

The pituitary gland, which controls all of this, is in charge of it. The pituitary gland monitors and regulates the number of thyroid hormones in your bloodstream, and it is situated in the center of the skull, beneath your brain. It will regulate hormone levels in your body with its own hormone when it detects low levels of thyroid hormones or high levels of other hormones. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) is the name of this hormone. The thyroid will receive the TSH and be instructed by it on what must be done to restore the body.


The following conditions can result in hypothyroidism:

Thyroiditis: This illness causes the thyroid gland to inflame and enlarge. Your thyroid’s ability to generate hormones can be reduced by thyroiditis.

Thyroiditis due to Hashimoto’s Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is a non-painful autoimmune illness in which the thyroid is attacked and harmed by the body’s cells. This illness is inherited.

5% to 9% of women experience

Postpartum thyroiditis after giving birth. It usually lasts only a short time.

Iodine deficiency: The thyroid needs iodine to produce hormones. Millions of people around the world suffer from iodine deficiency.

Thyroid gland dysfunction: Sometimes the thyroid gland is dysfunctional from birth. It affects approximately 1 in every 4000 newborns. The young person may develop physical and mental problems in the future if left untreated. All babies in the hospital have blood tests to check thyroid function.

What typical signs and symptoms are there for thyroid disease?

If you have thyroid disease, you can experience many different symptoms. Unfortunately, thyroid disease symptoms are often similar to those of other diseases and stages of life. This can make it difficult to determine whether your symptoms are caused by thyroid disease or something completely different.

Most thyroid disorder symptoms fall into one of two categories: those associated with too much thyroid hormone (hyperthyroidism) or too much thyroid hormone (hypothyroidism).

Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) symptoms might include:

  • experiencing anxiousness, irritation, and anxiety.
  • unable to fall asleep.
  • shedding pounds.
  • tremors and muscle weakness.
  • You may start experiencing irregular menstrual cycles or stop having them altogether.
  • feeling heat-sensitive.
  • having visual issues or irritated eyes.

What is the treatment for thyroid disease?

Your doctor’s goal is to get your thyroid hormone levels back to normal. There are many ways to do this, and the exact choice will depend on what is causing your thyroid problem.

Treatment options for hyperthyroidism with elevated thyroid hormone levels include

  • Methimazole and propylthiouracil are examples of anti-thyroid treatments that prevent the thyroid from producing hormones.
  • The thyroid is damaged by radioactive iodine therapy, which prevents it from producing a lot of thyroid hormones.
  • Beta blockers: These drugs help you manage your symptoms, but they don’t alter the amount of hormones in your body.
  • Your doctor may perform a thyroidectomy, a more permanent kind of treatment, to remove your thyroid.

As a result, it won’t produce hormones. On the other hand, you will always need to take thyroid replacement medication.

When to see the doctor

It is recommended that individuals seek medical attention from a qualified healthcare professional if they experience symptoms related to thyroid dysfunction. Such symptoms may include weight changes, fatigue, hair loss, and irregular menstrual cycles. Early detection and treatment of thyroid disorders can prevent further complications and improve overall health outcomes.

You can Consult us if you suspect you may be suffering from thyroid-related symptoms or if you detect a change in the way your thyroid looks.

Thyroid symptoms in hindi

थायराइड डिसफंक्शन भारत में एक प्रचलित चिकित्सा स्थिति है, जिसमें बड़ी संख्या में लोग इस विकार से जुड़े लक्षणों का अनुभव करते हैं। थायराइड की शिथिलता के लक्षणों में वजन बढ़ना या घटना, थकान, बालों का झड़ना, शुष्क त्वचा और अनियमित मासिक धर्म शामिल हो सकते हैं। इसके अतिरिक्त, व्यक्तियों को मूड में बदलाव, अवसाद और चिंता का अनुभव हो सकता है। इनमें से कोई भी लक्षण मौजूद होने पर तुरंत चिकित्सा सहायता लेना आवश्यक है, क्योंकि अनुपचारित थायरॉयड रोग गंभीर स्वास्थ्य जटिलताओं का कारण बन सकता है। शीघ्र निदान और उपचार से लक्षणों को प्रबंधित करने और इस स्थिति से प्रभावित लोगों के जीवन की गुणवत्ता में सुधार करने में मदद मिल सकती है।

Thyroid treatment in hindi

हाइपोथायरायडिज्म के उपचार में आमतौर पर हर दिन थायराइड हार्मोन दवा लेवोथायरोक्सिन (लेवो-टी, सिंथ्रॉइड, अन्य) लेना शामिल है। यह दवा मुंह से ली जाती है। यह हाइपोथायरायडिज्म के लक्षणों को खत्म करते हुए हार्मोन के स्तर को स्वस्थ सीमा पर लौटाता है।

उपचार शुरू होने के एक या दो सप्ताह बाद आप संभवतः बेहतर महसूस करने लगेंगे। लेवोथायरोक्सिन से उपचार संभवतः आजीवन रहेगा। क्योंकि आपके लिए आवश्यक खुराक बदल सकती है, आपका स्वास्थ्य देखभाल प्रदाता हर साल आपके टीएसएच स्तर की जांच कर सकता है।