Heat waves in bihar

The weather office has forecast that during the next three days, several areas will experience Heat waves in Bihar from the oppressive heat.

Along with portions of coastal Andhra Pradesh, pockets of west Uttar Pradesh and east Uttar Pradesh are also predicted to suffer heat wave conditions for two days. 

The weather office reported that isolated pockets of heat wave conditions have been present over Gangetic West Bengal for the past six days, along with coastal Andhra Pradesh for the past four days, and Bihar for the past three days.

As weather stations throughout a huge portion of the country record high temperatures, India is preparing for a sweltering summer. Yesterday, a total of 36 meteorological stations recorded maximum temperatures that were higher than 42 degrees Celsius.

Severe Condition of Heat Waves in Bihar

A official weather advisory predicts that Bihar will experience a severe heatwave for the next three to four days. At least five locations across the state recorded temperatures higher than 42 degrees Celsius. On Saturday, the Aurangabad district recorded a maximum temperature of 43 degrees Celsius.

According to a report from the state government’s Bihar Mausam Sewa Kendra (BMSK), a severe heat wave in Bihar is predicted to last for the next three to four days.

“Avoiding hot exposure, staying cool, and avoiding dehydration are all recommended. Additionally, district authorities have been urged to keep an eye on the situation in their particular districts. 


Heat waves in India

Heat waves in India is rapidly increasing and affecting morbidity from the last few years. When a person experiences a heat wave, the air temperature is dangerously high. In terms of the actual temperature or the deviation from the norm, it is measured based on the temperature thresholds that are relevant to a location.
Heat waves in India is classified based on either the extreme percentile of temperature readings or the heat index, which is dependent on temperature and humidity. 

One of the nations most exposed to and susceptible to heat is India.Events involving hot days and nights have substantially increased, and by 2050, it is anticipated that these events will quadruple by two to four. Furthermore, it is anticipated that heatwaves would last longer and occur more frequently.

Up until the end of May, the weather office has forecasted temperatures that were above average and heatwaves. Between 1901 and 2018, India’s average temperature increased by about 0.7%, in part because of climate change.

Bihar burning with extreme heat Bihar Weather update

People are currently experiencing third-degree heat torture in Bihar as a result of the sun’s attitude. There is a heat wave affecting the entire state, including Patna. On Sunday, Patna, the capital of Bihar, had a temperature of 42.2 degrees Celsius. There was silence across the capital’s streets as a result of the hot air searing the body. Due to the heat, passengers were also in poor condition. A severe impact of the heat wave was also felt in Patna and Aurangabad.

How many people affected by heat waves in India

According to government statistics, more than 22,000 individuals died from heatwaves between 1992 and 2015. The actual cost, according to experts, would be substantially greater. However, according to Dileep Mavalankar, head of the Gujarat-based Indian Institute of Tropical Medicine, the nation “hasn’t understood the importance of heat and how heat can kill”.

As a result of climate change, global temperatures as well as the frequency and severity of heatwaves will increase in the twenty-first century. High air temperatures can harm people’s health and cause more fatalities.  Extended periods of high daytime and nocturnal temperatures put the body under cumulative physiological stress, which makes the world’s leading causes of death, such as diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, and kidney illness, worse. Heatwaves can have a severe, short-term impact on large populations, frequently lead to public health emergencies, increase death rates, and have cascading socioeconomic effects (such as reduced work capacity and labour productivity). As a result of the disruption caused by the power outages that frequently accompany heatwaves, they can also result in a reduction in the capacity for providing health services.

What effects have heat waves in India had?

Heat waves in India have significant negative effects on human health, agriculture, and water supply. Experts estimate that the true cost would be much higher. Even if the frequency of heat-related mortality in India has reduced over time, research indicates that severe temperatures do have an impact on people’s overall physical and mental health. Agricultural yields, on the other hand, are also impacted. For instance, heat waves had a negative influence on the wheat harvest in Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh during the current rabi season. In these states, many farmers have reported losses of between 20 and 60 percent. This occurred as a result of this year’s early heat waves, which had an impact on the wheat plants.

How Heat Waves in India Effects on Health


  • The health impacts of heat waves typically include dehydration, heat exhaustion, heat stroke, and/or cramping. The symptoms and warning indications are as follows:
  • Weakness, tiredness, headaches, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, and perspiration are some of the symptoms of heat exhaustion.
  • Health problems and an increase in mortality can result from high air temperatures. This condition carries a risk of death.


Transfer the victim to a cool spot in the shade.

If the person is still conscious, give them water or a hydrating beverage.

If symptoms persist or get more severe, or if the patient is unconscious, seek medical attention.

Give no alcohol, caffeine, or aerated beverages

Use a cool, moist cloth to apply cooling to the person’s face or torso.

Dress more loosely for optimum airflow.

Give the person something to drink, such as lemonade,Energy Drink to help the body rehydrate.

Take the patient right away to the closest medical facility. 

Heat waves in India affect economy

Previous research has demonstrated that India’s recurrent heatwaves are having an increasing negative impact on its economy and public health infrastructure. Approximately 600 million Indians would have a lower quality of life by 2100, and more than 300 million people will be affected by heatwaves by 2050, per long-term forecasts. The strategies for dealing with heatwaves and their immediate repercussions, however, have not received enough attention.

Without heat impact evaluations, heatwaves could hinder or stop India’s progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


Heat waves in India affect which city the more?

With 21 heat wave and severe heat wave days this year, Himachal Pradesh, a hilly state, has seen more heat waves than Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan combined. Even though Down To Earth recently reported temperatures higher than 40oC were recorded across the state on April 24, and rising temperatures from the beginning of April, the IMD’s data shows that the weather service has only officially proclaimed one heat wave day for Odisha.

You can take the following actions to lessen the effects of the heat wave and avoid major illness or death from heat stroke:

  • Avoid being outside in the sun, especially between noon and three in the afternoon.
  • Drink enough water and as often as you can, even if you’re not thirsty.
  • Wear cotton clothing that is breathable, light in colour, loose, and porous. When walking outside in the sun, wear protective eyewear, an umbrella or hat, shoes, or chappals.
  • When the temperature is high outside, stay away from physical activity.
  •  Between noon and three in the afternoon, stay indoors.
  • Bring water with you wherever you go.
  • Avoid dehydrating substances including alcohol, tea, coffee, and carbonated soft beverages.
  • Eat fresh food and stay away from high-protein foods.
  • Use a hat or umbrella if you work outside.

Preventive measures for heat waves in India

  • Urban surfaces that are greener and more permeable can aid in lowering city heat.
  • By utilising more breathable materials in house development and public infrastructure, the effects of urban heat islands can be reduced.
  • Methane generation and fires that worsen metropolitan heat can be reduced by reducing the size of garbage dumps, waste segregation, and managing solid waste at the source.
  • It might also be helpful to increase wetlands and restore lakes and ponds.
  • Encouraging the installation of green roofs and cool roofs on structures, improving ventilation, and creating green spaces.
  • Encouraging the use of renewable energy for cooling and electricity demands, such as wind and solar power
  • Educating people on how to stay cool, the dangers of heatwaves, and the significance of lowering carbon footprint.