Let us talk about hernia today. Many people are unaware now of what precisely a hernia is. According to a Healthline, a hernia occurs when an organ pushes itself through a cut inside the tissue or muscle that keeps it in place. For instance, the intestines may force out through a weak area in the wall of the abdomen.

A hernia is found in the abdomen between the hips and chest, but sometimes also in the upper thigh area and groin.

This brings us to hernia types. Well, there are several different types of hernia. Some of the most common ones are listed below:

  1. Inguinal hernia – It is the most common type of hernia occurring in the inguinal canal due to the wear and tear of the abdomen walls when the intestines push through them.
  2. Hiatal hernia occurs when a part of the stomach pushes through the diaphragm into the chest cavity.
  3. Umbilical hernia – It usually affects children and small babies. It occurs when the intestines force out through the wall of the abdomen near their belly button.
  4. Ventral hernia – It is when tissue bulges through a cut in the muscles of the abdomen.

 Hernia Symptoms 

  • Let’s explore hernia symptoms now. , A bulge or lump in the afflicted region is the most prevalent symptom. An inguinal hernia, for example, causes a bulge on each side of the pubic bone where the groin and thigh meet.
  • The lump may “disappear” when we lie down. When you get up, lean down, or cough, you’re more likely to feel your hernia. There can be discomfort or soreness around the bump.
  • Some hernias, including Hiatal hernias, have unusual heartburn, difficulty swallowing, and chest discomfort.
  • Hernias often have no symptoms. A hernia may not be discovered until a routine physical or an unrelated medical test uncovers it.

 Hernia Causes  

Hernia is generally caused by a combination of muscular weakness, tension and can grow rapidly or slowly. Here are the causes  of hernia as follows:

  • A congenital disorder that arises during foetal development and is apparent at birth
  • An injury or surgery;
  • Excessive activity or heavy lifting;
  • Coughing or COPD (COPD)
  • Multiple pregnancies, especially
  • Constipation, which causes bowel movements to be strained;
  • Overweight or obesity;
  • Ascites 

Hernia Treatment

A hernia can only be appropriately treated surgically in a clinic in Patna. Incisions are required if your hernia is large and causing symptoms.

Wearing a truss might help relieve hernia symptoms in certain situations. A truss is a supporting undergarment for hernias. Before utilizing a truss, check sure it fits properly.

 If you have a hiatal hernia, Over The Counter and prescription Hernia medications that decrease stomach acid can help relieve your symptoms. These include antacids and H2 receptor blockers.

Hernia Diet

Diet can help manage hiatal hernia symptoms, including heartburn and acid reflux. The following is the hernia diet chart:

Foods to avoid Foods to consume
·         Citrus foods and juices

·         Chocolate

·         Fried and fatty foods

·         Onions and Garlic

·         Pungent food

·         Spearmint and Peppermint

·         Tomato-based foods

·         Coffee, tea  and alcohol

·         Aerated beverages

·         Dairy products, mild cheeses, like feta or goat

·         Oil and butter

·         Bananas and apples

·         Green beans, peas, carrots, and broccoli

·         Grains, like cereals (bran and oatmeal), bread, rice, pasta, and crackers

·         Low-fat or skim milk and low-fat yoghurt

·         Fat-free cheeses, cream cheese, and fat-free sour cream

·         Lean meat, chicken, and fish

·         Water

·         Pretzels, graham crackers, rice cakes, and baked potato chips

·         Low-fat sweets (no chocolate or mint)

Hernia Patient Exercises

Some symptoms may be relieved by exercise that strengthens the muscles around the hernia.

An exercise regimen was tested on obese patients following ventral hernia repair surgery. Those who exercised experienced fewer postoperative problems.

Remember that some workouts, including weightlifting or abdominal exercises, might increase pressure around the hernia. This may enlarge the hernia. Incorrectly performed exercises are no exception.

If you have a hernia, consult your doctor or physical therapist in a Patna clinic about exercise. They can advise you on the best workouts for you and how to execute them properly to avoid aggravating your hernia.

Four Best Stretches and Exercises

Listed here are four of the finest stretches and exercises for treating and avoiding an inguinal hernia.

1. Hamstring Flex

 The hamstrings connect to the pelvis. Constantly tightening this muscle group can cause problems in the core and strain the pelvic, low back, and groin. A simple hamstring stretch can help a lot.

2. Side Lunge Groin

This workout is a wonderful groin stretch and strengthening. Begin with a short range of motion to test your groin’s tolerance before advancing.

3. Button Pull or TA activation

 The transverse abdominis (TA) muscle is your body’s built-in corset. This muscle’s inherent stability protects the groin and lower abdomen as Inactivity, low back discomfort, and obesity frequently weaken this muscle.

4. Pillow Squeeze

 Hip adductors, inner thigh muscles that link directly to the groin, are worked. So always start slowly. Squeeze a cushion, a big cloth, or even a tiny ball between your legs.

 A gastroenterologist in Patna recommends getting a full body checkup or a full health checkup to avoid getting a hernia from getting worse. 

Healthcare in Patna is made easy for hernia patients as you can browse from various healthcare packages for availing best full body checkup


 1. What are the risk factors that lead to developing a hernia?

A hernia is more likely to occur if you have certain risk factors. They include the following:

  • Premature birth or low birth weight
  • Aging
  • Chronic cough (possibly caused by the repeated rise in stomach pressure)
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Pregnancy
  • Chronic constipation
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Smoking, which weakens connective tissue

2. What are the advantages of exercising in hernias?

Stretching and strengthening safely for an inguinal hernia has several benefits, including the following:

  • Improved core coordination to avoid needless strain
  • A fantastic approach to lessen the chance of a hernia (aka hernia prevention)
  • Increased blood flow to the groin area, which aids in reducing oedema, redness, and discomfort – one may handle this further with other hernia treatment options.
  • Decreased risk of hernia development or strangulation
  • Decreased likelihood of requiring a surgical hernia repair

 3. Can doing yoga help a hernia patient?

Hernia patients can do yoga to strengthen the walls of the abdomen. Some of the essential yoga poses, or yoga asanas that help recover from hernia are Uttanpadasana (Raised leg pose), Uddiyana Bandha (The Abdominal Lock), Vajrasana(Diamond Pose), Sarvangasana (Shoulder stand), and Naukasana (Boat Pose).

4. Enlist the hernia exercises to avoid.

Excessive abdominal and groin tension might aggravate hernia symptoms. You should always see your physical therapist for specific suggestions on core workouts. In general, avoid:

  • Situps or crunches
  • Strenuous lifts
  • Valsalva manoeuvre (to hold your breath and to bear down on a bowel movement or lifting) – owing to the increased intra-abdominal pressure created
  • Constipation squeezing with bowel movement
  • Pilates and yoga for the core (until ready)
  • High-impact sports or other strenuous activities